After Vaccination: Care Tips for Vaccine Reactions

After being vaccinated, a small proportion of children experience some changes, in other words side effects. Don’t worry, these side effects are usually mild and expected. These vaccine reactions mean that the body is building its immunity in response to the vaccines.

Here are some tips on what to expect and what to do.

Redness, swelling or tenderness at the injection site
This will slowly go away on its own, after a few days. However, if needed, you can use a cool, wet towel to soothe the redness and swelling.

If your baby gets a fever, you can cool him or her down by tepid sponging. Make sure you baby has lots of fluid to drink. If your child develops a fever or becomes irritable, you can treat them with pain-relieving medication such as paracetamol. However, these should never be given before immunisation or if the child has no fever.

These are vaccine reactions that are normally expected. However, some vaccine reactions aren’t detectable until the vaccine has been used on millions of people from various backgrounds. To better understand these adverse reactions, the government has set up an Adverse Effect Following Immunisation (AEFI) report system to record and study such reactions.